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Culture:German (probably)
Date Made:1750-1800
Type:Food Service
Materials:colorless, non-lead glass, polychrome enamels, gilding, cork
Place Made:Germany (probably)
Measurements:overall: 5 1/4 x 2 1/2 x 2 in.; 12.7 cm
Accession Number:  HD 69.0583
Credit Line:C. Alice Baker Bequest
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Blown, colorless glass rectangular bottle with chamfered corners, inscribed in white on one long side "Ist den Keiner Mehr Ver meiner vegeher", which roughly translates "Is there no more for my friends"; and the other side has a woman wearing a round yellow and black cap, blue top, and red-brown skirt over a white petticoat, and holding out her right hand. The short sides have a stylized spray in blue, yellow, white and red-brown, and each chamfered corner has a series of white and orange-red dashes. This form was made from the 17th through the 19th centuries; the bottle has a gilt flared lip gilt with a gilt cork stopper, short incurving neck, rounded shoulders with a ridge formed by a second gather, and a pontil mark on the base. The so-called half-post method, where the second gather of glass is clearly visible, is typical of Continental European production, and one which was brought to American factories by craftsmen who emigrated from Europe. Europe has a long tradition of enamel-painted glassware, which continued throughout the 18th well into the 19th century; this decoration was often applied and fired in small workshops independent of the glasshouses. Many of these glasses were made for export, and some have inscriptions in the language of the intended export country. This kind of work, especially those with English inscriptions, had been attributed to Henry Williams Stiegel's glasshouse in Lancaster, Pennsylvannia, but additional research has disproved this attribution. America primarily relied on imported glass in the 17th and 18th centuries, and after the Revolution, German and Bohemian glass factories quickly found a large market here.

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