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Maker(s):Pelham, Peter
Culture:English (1697-1751)
Title:Edwardus Cooper
Date Made:1724
Materials:mezzotint, paper, wood, glass
Place Made:United Kingdom; England; London
Measurements:Sheet: 13 3/4 x 9 7/8 in; 34.9 x 25.1 cm
Accession Number:  HD 55.103D
Credit Line:Museum purchase
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Framed mezzotint of "Edwardus Cooper", engraved by Peter Pelham (1697-1751), an English mezzotint engraver, and based on a painting by J. Vander Vaart. Cooper was the leading printseller in London from the time of James II until his death ca. 1725; he issued many important prints by Smith, Williams, Faithhorne, Lens, Pelham, Simon, etc. At the time of Cooper's death, John Bowles and other publishers purchased some of his plates and issued inferior impressions. Pelham also produced mezzotint portraits of Cooper's son John, daughter Elizabeth, and wife Priscilla (see HD 55.103E). This print may be a later 18th century restrike from a surviving Pelham plate. Peter Pelham emigrated from England to Boston in 1727, where he continued his profession as an engraver and painter; and in 1737, established a school for "Education of Children in Reading, Writing, Needlework, Dancing, and the Art of Painting on Glass." In 1748, Pelham married his third wife, Mary Copley, the widowed mother of John Singleton Copley (1738-1815), when John was 10 yrs. The 3 1/2 yrs. before Pelham's death in 1751 represented an early, significant influence on John Copley with instructions in artistic techniques and theory, business, European traditions and designs, and manners. It has also been suggested that having John Copley as an apprentice helper enabled Pelham to produce his last seven portraits, done between 1750-1751.


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