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Maker(s):Bowen, Emanuel
Culture:English (1693/4-1767)
Title:Map: A New & Accurate Map of Negroland and the Adjacent Countries also Upper Guinea,showing the Principal European Settlements & distinguishing wch. belong to England, Denmark . . .
Date Made:1747
Materials:paper; ink; watercolors
Place Made:Great Britain: Greater London, London
Measurements:Sheet: 15 3/4 in x 18 7/8 in; 40 cm x 47.9 cm; Plate: 14 7/8 in x 16 7/8 in; 37.8 cm x 42.9 cm
Accession Number:  HD 2020.15.1
Credit Line:Museum Collections Fund
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Map is entitled, "A new & accurate map of Negroland and the adjacent countries : also upper Guinea, showing the principle European settlements & distinguishing wch. belong to England, Denmark, Holland & c : the sea of the rivers being drawn from surveys & the best modern maps and charts, & regulated by astron. observns" A map of West Africa, hand colored by kingdoms. Includes large decorative cartouche, compass rose and extensive annotations in the map image. This map shows the area after the period of the great empires of West Africa and during decentralization at the peak of the Second Atlantic System. This map details the kingdoms and countries in the regions of Barbary, Sarra [Sahara], Negroland and Upper Guinea as they stood in the mid-18th century. The map includes an extensive list of coastal settlements, including those in East Guinea which European traders and slavers had already occupied. Settlements are also included along the great rivers of the area, including the Senegal, Gambia, and Niger. Major cities are shown with a small red-colored design. Geomorphological features are shown away from the coast, including mountains, deserts, and woodlands. The map annotates many of the great states of the period including: the Kingdoms of Benin, Judah, Tafilet, Agades, Zanfara and Bito. Also includes information on minor countries as well as nomadic tribes. The extent of the development of the slave trade can already be seen in parts, especially in the Tooth, Gold, and Slave Coasts. The cartouche depicts the citizens of these states from kings and lords to soldiers.

slavery; enslaved persons

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