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Maker(s):Gay, Jacob (attributed)
Culture:American (w. 1758-1787)
Title:powder horn: Samuel Connor
Date Made:July-December, 1776
Materials:horn, wood: cherry; base metal: iron, brass
Place Made:United States; New Hampshire; Fort No. 4 (probably)
Measurements:overall: 3 1/2 in x 12 1/2 in; 8.89 cm x 31.75 cm
Accession Number:  HD 2005.20.64
Credit Line:Historic Deerfield, The William H. Guthman Collection of American Engraved Powder Horns
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Powder horn inscrbed "Colonel Samuel Connor..." of Pembroke, New Hampshire, which is attributed to Jacob Gay, probably Fort Number Four, New Hampshire. Samuel Connor served as captain of the 9th Company in December 1775. During the New York Campaign, from 1776 until he was discharged in 1777, he served as lieutenant in the New Hampshire Militia Regiment. On Sept. 29 1777 he volunteered to serve as a private under Gen. Horatio Gates at Saratoga. Connor died of wounds on Oct. 9, 1777. This horn was undoubtedly carved by Jacob Gay during the Siege of Boston, probably early in 1776. The simple block lettering of the name is in the same style as that of the Sherburne horn (no.91), but not so bold. The rectangular cartouche has an elaborate engraved rococo border consisting of floral, scroll, and geometric designs. The coat-of-arms at the plug end is supported by the typical Gay lion and unicorn, with an elaborate oval cartouche in the center. Within the the cartouche is an American soldier with upraised sword derived from the engraving Paul Revere created in 1775 for Massachusetts paper currency and bills of credit. Gay has him holding the Scales of Justice. Gay also changed the wording to "Success To The American Army - Liberty."

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