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Maker(s):Crain-Arnold carver (attributed)
Culture:American (w. 1775)
Title:powder horn: John Arnold
Date Made:1775
Materials:horn, wood: pine; base metal: iron; black pigment
Place Made:United States; Massachusetts; Cambridge
Accession Number:  HD 2005.20.52
Credit Line:Historic Deerfield, The William H. Guthman Collection of American Engraved Powder Horns
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Powder horn inscribed: “JOHN : ARNOLD : HIS : HORN : MADE : AD / 1775 : MADE : IN : CAMPS : IN : CAMBRIDG / CLOCK / F[ort] C[obble] hill / L[echmere]. P[oint] . / Boston / Ch[arlestown] / F[ort]. B[unker]. Hill / F[ort]. Pr[ospect]. Hill / F[ort]. Wi[nter]. Hill / F[ort]. No. I / F[ort]. No. II / F[ort]. No. III.” This horn is imaginative, if not professionally carved, and may have been done by the owner. The uneven lettering, phonetic spelling, and poor planning provide some comic relief. Nevertheless, what mattered most—the Boston skyline, the harbor with five ships, and the fortifications—are neatly drawn, while the tall clock connotes the pressure of time on every soldier who was needed at home. In 1775, John Arnold served in Captain Experience Storrs’ 2nd Company from Mansfield in Colonel Israel Putnam’s 3rd Connecticut Regiment. Elisha Crain also served in this company and the almost identical Crain horn is by the same hand as this example.


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