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Maker(s):Lake George School
Title:powder horn: John Vaughan
Date Made:September 20, 1764
Materials:horn, wood: pine; base metal: iron
Place Made:United States; Lake George (probably) or Saint Lawrence River Valley region
Measurements:overall: 4 3/8 in x 14 in; 11.1125 cm x 35.56 cm
Accession Number:  HD 2005.20.39
Credit Line:Historic Deerfield, The William H. Guthman Collection of American Engraved Powder Horns
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

"John Vaughan," Lake George region or St. Lawrence Valley. From 1763 to 1767, a British lieutenant colonel named John Vaughan was stationed in North America as part of British 46th regiment. Prior to that, from 1759 to 1761, Vaughan had served in North America as commander of the rioyal Welsh Volunteers. This horn may have been made for him, as his regiment was serving at Fort Ticonderosa and the Lake George area in 1763. Among the decorative devices on the horn are a spike tomahawk, a ball-headed war club and a bow and arrow. There is also two swords, a bayonet , a shovel, a felling ax, a drum and drumsticks, and a Union Jack. All of which are appropriate to the frontier wars. The calligraphy is adequately executed, but much of the spelling is phonetic, and the decoration is imaginative, but difficult to interpret.


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