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Title:sugar bowl
Date Made:1800-1810
Type:Food Service
Materials:ceramic: felspathic stoneware, smear glaze, overglaze cobalt blue enamel
Place Made:United Kingdom; England; Yorkshire or Staffordshire
Measurements:overall: 4 1/4 x 4 1/2 in.; 10.795 x 11.43 cm
Accession Number:  HD 1382.05
Credit Line:Gift of John B. Morris, Jr.
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

English Castleford-type white felspathic stoneware sugar bowl or sucrier with cover, and molded and applied relief decoration and blue trim, made for the American market with its eagle decoration. The Castleford Pottery was run by David Dunderdale & Co., operating from 1790 to 1821 in Castleford, about 15 miles from Leeds in Yorkshire; the pottery produced a range of wares in creamware, black basalt, and white feldspathic stoneware. Although many factories, such as the Sowter and Company pottery (1800-late 1820s) of Mexborough, Yorkshire, and the Chetham and Woolley site (c.1795-c.1820) and Davenport Pottery (1794-1887) in Staffordshire, made similar feldspathic stoneware wares, the term 'Castleford' is now used generically to described a wide range of feldspathic stoneware, silver-shaped tea wares, jugs, and similar objects that are slip-cast with relief-molded decoration. The slightly-domed cover has a flat oval finial outlined in blue over reeded and scalloped designs outlined in blue. The rim has a band of floral and stippled decoration outlined with two blue bands; over three applied sprig moldings on the center sides: clouds and thirteen stars over an eagle with a banner in its peak with "E. PLURIBUS UNUM" and a sheaf of arrows in its right talon and olive branch in its left, based on the eagle on the American seal issued in 1782, except that the arrows and olive branch are reversed; seated Britannia holding a down-turned torch that is resting on a shield and axe; and a Liberty head wearing a Liberty or Phrygian cap framed by crossed laurel branches and stars; over a blue band and reeded border around the flat, blue-edged base.

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