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[AC] Mead Art Museum at Amherst College; [HC] Hampshire College Art Gallery;
[HD] Historic Deerfield; [MH] Mount Holyoke College Art Museum; [MH SK] The Joseph Allen Skinner Museum at Mount Holyoke College; [SC] Smith College Museum of Art; [UM] University Museum of Contemporary Art at UMASS Amherst


Maker(s):J.F. & G.M. Lindsey
Culture:American (1856-1879)
Title:skewed rabbet plane
Date Made:1856-1879
Type:Tool - Woodworking
Materials:wood: beech; base metal: steel
Place Made:United States; Massachusetts; Huntington
Measurements:overall: 5 3/4 in x 1 13/16 in x 9 1/2 in; 14.6 cm x 4.6 cm x 24.1 cm
Narrative Inscription:  MANUFACTURER/MAKER: toe (embossed imprint): J.F. & G.M. LINDSEY / WARRANTED ; USER/OWNER: toe (incused imprint): R.FISHER / R.FISHER / R.FISHER / R.FISHER ; DEALER: heel (embossed imprint): WHITE & CONANT / WORCESTER
Accession Number:  HD 76.252
Credit Line:Gift of Mrs. Wallace Murphy

A skewed rabbet plane cuts a rabbet, which is an L-shaped recess cut into the edge or surface of a board, typically intended to receive another member. For example, one half of a shiplap joint, that will receive an adjoining piece of shiplap. The plane iron is oriented at an angle, or skewed, to enable cleaner cuts, especially across a board’s grain. See: Graham Blackburn, “Traditional Woodworking Handtools: A Manual for the Woodworker, a Guide for the Enthusiast” (New York: The Lyons Press, 1988), 168.

The plane manufacturer, J.F. & G.M. Lindsey, was a partnership between brothers, James F. and George M. Lindsey, who made planes in Huntington, Massachusetts from 1856-1879. The manufacturer imprint on this plane is B. "White & Conant" imprint was used by a hardware firm in Worcester, MA. They were listed in the Worcester business directories from 1880-1893. This imprint is rated as "very rare" with only 50 to 100 known examples. See: Emil and Martyl Pollak, “A Guide to the Makers of American Wooden Planes (New Jersey: Astragal Press, 2001), 8, 253, 446.

The plane and wedge are beech. The knicker, used to score wood fibers before the plane iron cuts the wood, is missing.

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