Search Results:

Viewing Record 1 of 1

[AC] Mead Art Museum at Amherst College; [HC] Hampshire College Art Gallery;
[HD] Historic Deerfield; [MH] Mount Holyoke College Art Museum; [MH SK] The Joseph Allen Skinner Museum at Mount Holyoke College; [SC] Smith College Museum of Art; [UM] University Museum of Contemporary Art at UMASS Amherst

 


Maker(s):Unknown
Culture:Chinese
Title:Kai Yuan Tong Bao
Date Made:718-732 CE (Tang Dynasty, 618-906)
Type:Coin/Money
Materials:Bronze (AE)
Place Made:Asia; China
Measurements:Diameter: 25 mm; 1 in
Accession Number:  MH 2012.20.39
Credit Line:Purchase with the Marian Hayes (Class of 1925) Art Purchase Fund
mh_2012_20_39_v1_01.jpg

Currently on view

Description:
Obverse: Four Chinese characters around the square hole in the center.
Obverse legend: [Chinese characters] (transliteration: "Kai Yuan tong bao", translation: "inaugural currency")
Reverse: Small upturned crescent above the square hole in the center.

Label Text:
The Kai Yuan Tong Bao was the most extensively produced and widely used coin during the 300-year reign of the Tang dynasty in China. Strict government regulation of the minting process resulted in standardized alloys (the combination of metals that make up the coin) and a consistent, recognizable style.

The Tang dynasty was connected to Central Asia and its multitude of peoples and cultures by the interconnected trade routes of the Silk Road. One Central Asian group, the Turgesh, minted many bronze coins in the style of the widespread Tang dynasty coins, copying the square cut-out in the middle. The Turgesh king, known as a khagan , often had his tamga (emblem) stamped onto the coin. Along with the presence of the Uighur language (instead of Chinese) this differentiated the Turgesh coins from their Chinese prototypes. Although the Turgesh dynasty ended in the eighth century, these coins continued to be minted until the tenth, gradually becoming less refined in their inscriptions and decoration over time.

6 Related Media Items

mh_2012_20_39_v1_01.jpg
mh_2012_20_39_v1_01.jpg
mh_2012_20_39_v1_01.jpg
mh_2012_20_39_v1_02.jpg
mh_2012_20_39_v1_01.jpg
mh_2012_20_39_v1_01_cc.jpg
mh_2012_20_39_v1_01.jpg
mh_2012_20_39_v1_02_cc.jpg
mh_2012_20_39_v1_01.jpg
mh_2012_20_39_v1_01_ref.jpg
mh_2012_20_39_v1_01.jpg
mh_2012_20_39_v1_02_ref.jpg
Viewing Record 1 of 1