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[AC] Mead Art Museum at Amherst College; [HC] Hampshire College Art Gallery;
[HD] Historic Deerfield; [MH] Mount Holyoke College Art Museum; [MH SK] The Joseph Allen Skinner Museum at Mount Holyoke College; [SC] Smith College Museum of Art; [UM] University Museum of Contemporary Art at UMASS Amherst


Maker(s):Vassiliev, Oleg Vladimirovich
Culture:Russian (1931-2013), active in America
Title:The House with the Mezzanine, No. 20
Date Made:1991
Materials:Lithograph on cream paper
Measurements:Sheet: 29 3/4 x 21 in.; 75.6 x 53.3 cm
Accession Number:  AC 2010.158
Credit Line:Gift of Joan Afferica, L. Clark Seelye Professor Emerita of History, Smith College

Label Text:
Created by sculptor Evgenyi Vuchetich, the gigantic monument The Motherland Calls was erected in 1967 at the site of the 1942-1943 Battle of Stalingrad. At the time of its installation, it was the tallest freestanding sculpture in the world, at 269 feet. Vassiliev uses its silhouette to convey the monument's ambiguity: It appears to call to the battle--its original intention, as suggested by the title--to deplore the war by pointing to the blood-drenched battlefield, and to despair at the sight of its victims.

The idea of women epitomizing Russia goes back to the Slavic myth of "Damp Mother Earth." The use of "Mother Russia" in official imagery culminated during and after the Second World War in such monuments as The Motherland Calls.

BJ, 2013

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