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[AC] Mead Art Museum at Amherst College; [HC] Hampshire College Art Gallery;
[HD] Historic Deerfield; [MH] Mount Holyoke College Art Museum; [MH SK] The Joseph Allen Skinner Museum at Mount Holyoke College; [SC] Smith College Museum of Art; [UM] University Museum of Contemporary Art at UMASS Amherst

 


Culture:English
Title:plate
Date Made:1707-1714
Type:Food Service
Materials:ceramic: tin-glazed earthenware decorated in cobalt blue, iron red, antimony yellow, and green
Place Made:United Kingdom; England; London
Measurements:overall: 1 x 9 in.; 2.54 x 22.86 cm
Accession Number:  HD 63.182
1963-182T.jpg

Description:
English delft circular plate decorated with Queen Anne's initials "A R" flanking a crown, over a spray of a single rose symbolizing England, and a thistle symbolizing Scotland in blue, red, green, and yellow. The Act of Union in 1707, during Queen Anne's reign (1702-1714), which created the kingdom of Great Britain by joining the kingdoms of England and Scotland. These countries had shared a monarch since the Union of the Crowns in 1603, but had separate and sovereign Parliaments, which were now dissolved and reconstituted as one British Parliament with its seat at Westminster. Scotland kept its legal system and the guarantee of the Presbyterian Church as the established Church of Scotland. This popular Act was commemorated on mugs with the word "Union" and plates such as this example. The same design is also found on plates with the initials "GR", which were probably made early in the reign of King George (1660-1727, reigned 1714-1727). Examples of these have been excavated from the site of the Vauxhall pottery, London. The well and curvature are both encircled by a double blue band, and the rim has yellow band with a red band running through the middle, and a single blue band on the outer rim.

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