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[AC] Mead Art Museum at Amherst College; [HC] Hampshire College Art Gallery;
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Culture:American
Title:side chair
Date Made:1710-1725
Type:Furniture
Materials:wood, paint, cane, textile
Place Made:United States; Massachusetts; Boston (probably)
Measurements:overall: 48 1/2 x 18 x 19 1/2 in.; 123.19 x 45.72 x 49.53 cm
Accession Number:  HD 61.242
1961-242T.jpg

Description:
William and Mary cane-back side chair painted black, with a cane back and seat and upholstered seat cushion. Imported English caned chairs, which were fashionable in London at the turn of the 18th century, were popular in the colonies; they appear in Massachusetts inventories as early as 1689 and were listed as part of household inventories into the mid 18th century. When new, this form was a trend-setting example of the best Boston-made seating furniture; its carved crest rail or "crown", "crookt-back", and imported cane made it expensive. Local craftsmen copied the London style of this shaped and pierced crest rail with carved scrolls and center foliate; over turned stiles topped with round finials and flanking a narrow rectangular cane back held with two molded stiles, which continue into slightly flared rear legs; thin seat frame, plain front seat rail, and groves on the top of the seat rails; ball and ring turned front stretcher, medial, and back stretchers, and two block and turned side stretchers; block and turned front legs ending in small ball feet. This chair belonged to the Schuyler family of Albany, New York. There is a "SS" marked on the back of the right stile, and "VIII" on the left stile.

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