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[AC] Mead Art Museum at Amherst College; [HC] Hampshire College Art Gallery;
[HD] Historic Deerfield; [MH] Mount Holyoke College Art Museum; [MH SK] The Joseph Allen Skinner Museum at Mount Holyoke College; [SC] Smith College Museum of Art; [UM] University Museum of Contemporary Art at UMASS Amherst

 


Title:table
Date Made:ca. 1720
Type:Furniture
Materials:wood: oak, beech (by micro analysis)
Measurements:overall: 34 1/8 in x 139 in x 37 7/8 in; 86.6775 cm x 353.06 cm x 96.2025 cm
Accession Number:  HD 2011.28
Credit Line:Gift from the Connecticut Historical Society Museum

Description:
Long joined table (fragments of an early 18th-century table remade in the 20th-century into a table) consisting of a detached table top and frame with 6 legs--one at each corner and one at the center of each long side. The rails are joined to the top of the legs with double-pinned mortise-and-tenon joints. Brackets are tenoned into the legs and nailed to the bottoms of the rails. Both the rails and the brackets are relief-carved with incised tulip-and-leaf motifs. Small hanging pendants at the ends of the brackets are joined to the bottom of the rails with wooden pins. Stretchers are tenoned and pinned to the bottoms of the legs. Formerly HD L2006.1; (formerly CHS accession #1960-108-0; HD L2006.1). According to entry No. 299 in William D. Goodwin notebook at the Wadsworth Atheneum, Department of Decorative Arts, Goodwin bought the table in 1927 from George B. Dyer of Greenfield, Massachusetts, who bought the fragments from a dealer. The dealer obtained them from the White Tavern in Hatfield, where some of the parts were reused as a stair rail in the attic. The parts consisted of two posts, three brackets, 106 ¼” of the frieze, and perhaps one of the stretchers. When Dyer made it into a table, he added four inches to the bottoms of the two posts. According to the genealogy of successive owners of the White Tavern, the provenance should run: Deacon John White (1663?-1750); to his son-in-law Captain Daniel White (1698-1786); to his son Elihu White (1734- ); to his son Ebenezer White (1766-1828); to his cousin Dr. Daniel White (1766-1848); to his nephew Daniel White Wells (1842- ); sold to C.L. Warner (1837- ); table parts sold to a dealer; sold to George B. Dyer of Greenfield; sold to William B. Goodwin of Hartford and Manchester; sold from Goodwin estate to CHS in 1960 (purchase price: $50.00).
From George Goodwin’s notebook, entry no. 299:
“Description: The design on the middle of the apron is identical with that on my two-drawer Hadley chest. A carved and painted fragment of Hadley work, so called, was found at Hatfield in the garret of the old Dr. White residence and tavern. It consists of two turned legs and a wide carved apron rail with one carved bracket next to the end leg and two carved brackets on either side of the other leg under the apron. Mr. Geo. B. Dyer of Greenfield purchased it of a Greenfield dealer who found it in Hatfield. It was at one time the support of the bar in the White Tavern, later the end of the stair rail in the same house. 4” were cut off the turned legs by Mr. Dyer when he built it up as a dining table. It is undoubtedly a Communion Table from the early church, probably at Hadley Church or else a court house table. The proof that it was a table is in the lug at the top of the right end original leg.”

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