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[AC] Mead Art Museum at Amherst College; [HC] Hampshire College Art Gallery;
[HD] Historic Deerfield; [MH] Mount Holyoke College Art Museum; [MH SK] The Joseph Allen Skinner Museum at Mount Holyoke College; [SC] Smith College Museum of Art; [UM] University Museum of Contemporary Art at UMASS Amherst


Title:painting: Bird's-Eye View of Charlemont and Mt. Peak, Massachusetts
Date Made:1868-1880
Materials:oil, paper, linen canvas, wood, glass, gilding
Place Made:United States; Massachusetts; Charlemont
Measurements:framed: 32 1/2 x 37 1/2 in.; 82.55 x 95.25 cm
Accession Number:  HD 89.042
Credit Line:Funds from Mr. & Mrs. John H. Hobbs

Framed oval, oil on paper Autumn landscape painting of the view from an elevated perspective (probably Bald Mountain) looking south across the Deerfield River towards the town of Charlemont and Mt. Peak with rolling meadows and orchards in the foreground. Named for a town in Northern Ireland, Charlemont is just northwest of Deerfield along Rt. 2; many of the Greek Revival style buildings depicted on the village street are clearly identifiable and still extant, including the Baptist, Congregational and Methodist Episcopal churches. The railroad line was laid in 1868 as part of the Boston & Maine line that runs from Boston through the Hoosac Tunnel to Mechanicsville, New York; this 1868 date suggests the earliest possible date for the painting. This pastoral view both celebrates and recoils from the transformation created by the railroad, "the machine in the garden," which was first introduced to western Massachusetts in 1840. The oval painting is executed on paper which is adhered to the canvas, and attached to the original oval, painted four-member mortised panel liner.

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