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[AC] Mead Art Museum at Amherst College; [HC] Hampshire College Art Gallery;
[HD] Historic Deerfield; [MH] Mount Holyoke College Art Museum; [MH SK] The Joseph Allen Skinner Museum at Mount Holyoke College; [SC] Smith College Museum of Art; [UM] University Museum of Contemporary Art at UMASS Amherst

 


Culture:American
Title:miniature: Sophia Smead Wheeler
Date Made:ca. 1813
Type:Painting
Materials:paper, pencil, gouache, paint, glass, wood, gilding
Place Made:United States; Massachusetts
Measurements:framed: 5 3/8 x 4 1/2 in.; 13.6525 x 11.43 cm
Accession Number:  HD 70.132
Credit Line:Gift of Mrs. Robert Stebbins Lipp
1970-132t.jpg

Description:
Miniature profile of Sophia Smead Wheeler (1784-1843) in white, blue, brown, and pink, and inscribed: "Picture taken on 1813," which is framed in a black oval with two gilt stars in a black painted, wood frame. Sophia Smead was the daughter of Solomon Smead (1754-1825) and Esther Smith Smead (1757-1808) of Greenfield who married in 1777. Sophia Smead was the fourth of fourteen children, but 12 of her siblings and her mother died by the time she was 25 years old. Her father then married Lovina (or Larinda) Burk (1765-1829), the widow of John Burk (1760-1796) of Bernardston, in 1809. Sophia married Robert Wheeler (1777-1863) of North Stonington, Connecticut, in 1814, where they settled and had five children, including Sophia Wheeler (1821-1840). HD has a sampler (2000.4.1) made by Sophia Smead, her wedding dress (V.053B), and a christening gown (V.053a) probably made by Sophia Smead Wheeler; a sampler (2004.4.2) made by Sophia's daughter, Sophia Wheeler; a silhouette (70.133) of Lovina Burke Smead; and pair of lace sleeves (V.53C) from the same family but without any provenance. The donor is a descendent of Asa Stebbins (1800-1864) of Deerfield through Asa's son, Francis Ward Stebbins (b.1829) and Ellen Wells Stebbins (d.1872); to Francis' son, Roland Stebbins (b.1853) who married Florence Rebecca Barney (1856-1902) of Greenfield in 1879; to Roland's daughter, Ellen Wells Stebbins (1883-1980) who married Lloyd Herbert Lipp (d.1965) in Billings, Montana, in 1905. Other Smead belongings were been passed on to Ellen Wells Stebbins Lipp's granddaughter, Karen L. Dunn. Ms. Dunn also found a note (in data file) written in ink in the family Bible referring to another sampler: "Sampler/Made by Abigail Smead (1787-1808) daughter of Solomon Smead of Greenfield Mass. in the 10th year of her age in 1797. She died in Jan. 1805 of spotted fever aged 18 years. The initials of A.P. stand for Abigail Smead. C. S. for Clarissa Smead (1782-1855). S.S for Sophia Smead. P. S. for Polly Smead (1791-1807). S.S. for her father Solomon Smead and E. S. for her mother Esther Smead. /Harriet E. Barney/Denver Col. Feb. 5th 1804" and on the reverse: "Ellen Wells Stebbins" in graphite.

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