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[AC] Mead Art Museum at Amherst College; [HC] Hampshire College Art Gallery;
[HD] Historic Deerfield; [MH] Mount Holyoke College Art Museum; [MH SK] The Joseph Allen Skinner Museum at Mount Holyoke College; [SC] Smith College Museum of Art; [UM] University Museum of Contemporary Art at UMASS Amherst

 


Maker(s):Unknown
Culture:Egyptian
Title:Shabti
Date Made:1293-1070 BCE (New Kingdom, Dynasties 19-20)
Type:Ceremonial
Materials:Earthenware; molded with slip
Place Made:Africa; Egypt
Measurements:Overall: 6 3/8 in x 2 1/16 in x 1 11/16 in; 16.2 cm x 5.2 cm x 4.3 cm
Accession Number:  MH 1910.9.8.A.K
Credit Line:Gift of the Egypt Exploration Fund
mh_1910_9_8_a_k_v1_01.jpg

Currently on view

Description:
Mummiform figure of pinkish beige terracotta. Columnar body, with sligh swelling for forearms, belly, and calves. Face ill-defined. Flat back. Coating of red-brown slip on body; long wig painted with black slip. Back of wig sloppily painted, with pendant stroke on left.

Label Text:
Ancient Egyptians were obliged to perform certain tasks for the state, including agricultural labor. Small mummy-shaped figurines called “shabtis” were introduced to perform this work in the afterlife and often carried hoes or seed-baskets. Initially, the deceased was given only one shabti, but the number increased dramatically over time. From the 18th Dynasty on, shabtis sometimes appeared dressed as living people rather than as mummies. These statuettes could be made of earthenware, Egyptian faience, stone, or other materials.

2016

Keywords/Tags:
ancient; archaeology; tombs; deaths; afterlife; religion; rituals; ceremonies; sculpture; agriculture

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