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Maker(s):Siege of Boston School
Title:powder horn: Howland or Rowland
Date Made:ca. October, 1775
Materials:horn, wood: pine; base metal: iron
Place Made:United States; Massachusetts; Boston or vicinity
Measurements:overall: 2 5/8 in x 10 1/4 in; 6.6675 cm x 26.035 cm
Accession Number:  HD 2005.20.69
Credit Line:Historic Deerfield, The William H. Guthman Collection of American Engraved Powder Horns
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Powder horn inscribed “[RO or HO]WLAND:S : HORN : M : IN : THE / LIBERTY : OR : DEATH / OLD : THOMAS : GAGE : GOING : FROM : BOSTON : FOX : COCK.” Although cut down long ago, this horn inspired Rufus Grider to draw hundreds of horns that he discovered near his home in the Mohawk Valley of upstate New York. Today the New-York Historical Society owns his record of important drawings. The subject matter here parallels lifting the Siege of Boston and the departure of General Gage, his musket slung upside down over his shoulder, with Virginian Patrick Henry and his patriotic cry, “[Give me] Liberty or [give me] Death!”

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