This is an example of a "Jacobite" ceramic - a Jacobite was a supporter of the deposed James II and his descendants in their claim to the British throne after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. With unofficial French encouragement, Jacobites were found among Scots (the homeland of the Stuarts), the Irish (James II was Roman Catholic), and disgruntled Tories. Charles Edward Stuart (1720-1788) landed in Scotland in 1745 to rally his Jacobite supporters, raise his father's standard, and claim the British throne. Led by the "Young Pretender" through Edinburgh, with a victory in Prestonpans, the force was repelled in Derby and crushed by the Duke of Cumberland and the Hanoverian Army at Culloden in April 1746. Bonnie Prince Charlie escaped back to France dressed as a girl, after hiding for many months in the Western Isles, and died in Rome. After the Battle of Culloden there were no other attempts by the Stuarts to regain the British throne. But support in England was considerable, which is evident from the many commemorative pieces made around the time of the Rebellion, these include depictions of bagpipers and inscribed pieces. There appears to have been another surge of interest in commemorative pieces for the Jacobite cause, when in 1765, the Old Pretender died, and Prince Charles was proclaimed titular King by his supporters. This rare surviving punch bowl has images on its exterior of "Bonnie Prince Charlie" and Highland clansmen dressed in full tartan and weilding dirks and targes, together with a supportive bagpiper. Cylindrical punch bowl with applied flaring foot rim, decorated on the exterior in silver and gilt, the top border along the outside rim is a rickrack pattern reminescent of a plaid, below the border is the inscription in gilt around the exterior of the punch bowl reads: "May all true/ Gentlemen have/ a true Steward/ and may the tenant/ be ready when/ the Steward comes." The "true Steward" refers to the Steward of Scotland, in this case, Charles Edward Stuart, the "Young Pretender." Large figures in gilt are on the exterior of the bowl include Bonnie Prince Charlie dressed in tartans with shield and sword in hand interspersed between gilt Scottish thistles and silver Tudor roses, the interior of the bowl has a border along the rim of leaves within a chevron pattern, and then three highland clansmen astride horses with swords drawn, also another inscription in bottom circle of the well is illegible but could be "God Bless PC and Down with the Rump". The interior of the bowl shows some wear around the interior of the base where the vessel was used for serving punch to deliver the Jacobite toast to the "king over the water" meaning the exiled Jacobite or Stuart family kings in France.
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