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Maker(s):Kokoschka, Oskar
Culture:Austrian (1886 - 1980)
Title:Scottish Landscape with Sheep
Date Made:1944 April-May begun in Scotland -1945 completed in London
Materials:oil on canvas
Place Made:Scotland
Measurements:stretcher: 24 1/4 in x 34 in; 61.595 cm x 86.36 cm
Narrative Inscription:  undated, unitialled at lower left in black oil: O K; inscribed on verso in oil: Quo Vadis? / London 1945
Accession Number:  SC 2009.38
Credit Line:Frances Proctor Wilkinson (Frances Proctor, class of 1937)
Museum Collection:  Smith College Museum of Art

landscape of fields with numerous animals, two pheasant at lower right, goat at lower left, goat at top center, smaller one at upper right with buildings and water in upper right background

Label Text:
Oskar Kokoschka is best known for his highly expressionistic paintings and portraits. This landscape was painted during World War II in Scotland, after the artist fled Nazi Germany for Prague in 1934 and went from there to the United Kingdom in 1938.

Scottish Landscape was begun in April or May of 1944, while Kokoschka and his wife, Olda, were visiting friends in Port William, a village in a remote region of lowland Scotland. Elrig Loch and Airlyck Farm are shown in the background, with sheep and grouse in the foreground. Kokoschka completed the landscape in London the following year. As the artist wrote, remembering the scene in Scotland and recording it on canvas helped him “to forget the awful civilization and state of the world we live in at present.”

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2009_38 label.JPG
2009_38 inscription.JPG
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