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Maker(s):Barnard, Julius (attributed)
Culture:American (1769-after 1820)
Title:side chair
Date Made:ca. 1795
Materials:wood: cherry, white pine; textile
Place Made:United States; Massachusetts; Northampton or Connecticut; East Windsor
Measurements:overall: 38 1/2 x 24 x 22 in.
Narrative Inscription:  carved into underside of the rear seat rail and under the back rail of the slip seat: "V" and "Barnard 1769" in graphite on underside and inside of all four seat rails and in white paint on inside of front seat rail: "68.1948-B" see images in object file of two paper jelly labels on top of rear glue blocks
Accession Number:  HD 57.022A
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

One of three Chippendale side chairs in cherry, probably made by Julius Barnard of East Windsor, Connecticut and later Northampton, Massachusetts. Julius, a nephew of Joseph Barnard (1717-1785) of Deerfield, was apprenticed to Eliphalet Chapin (1741-1807) in the late 1780s in East Windsor, Connecticut, where he learned the Philadelphia style. He moved to Northampton, Massachusetts, by 1792, where his advertisements allude to elaborate forms and his work in New York City. His skills and ambitions regularly out-stripped his patrons' ability to pay for them; he left Northampton in 1801 to work in Hanover, New Hampshire, and Windsor, Vermont, before moving to Montreal about 1809. These chairs were part of a set owned by Joseph Barnard's son, Samuel (1746-1819) of Deerfield, whose reputation was enhanced by the large Palladian house build on the town common for his father in 1769. The chair has a center carved shell, heavy molded ears, pierced splat, two heavy front cabriole legs ending in ball and claw feet, and stump rear legs.

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