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Maker(s):Barnard, George N.
Culture:American (1819-1902)
Title:Orchard Knob from Mission Ridge
Date Made:1864 or 1866
Materials:albumen print
Place Made:North America; United States; Tennessee: Chattanooga
Measurements:Mount: 16 1/4 x 20 1/4 in; 41.3 x 51.4 cm; Image: 10 x 14 in; 25.4 x 35.6 cm
Accession Number:  AC 1991.69
Credit Line:Purchase with Richard Templeton (Class of 1931) Photography Fund
Museum Collection:  Mead Art Museum at Amherst College

Civil War. From "Photographic Views of Sherman's Campaign", New York, 1866. pl. 10

Label Text:
The Union victories at Orchard Knob and Missionary Ridge opened up Chattanooga, Tennessee, the “Gateway to the Lower South,” to become the supply and logistics base for General Sherman’s pivotal Atlanta Campaign.

George Barnard served as the official Army photographer, Chief Engineer’s Office, Division of Mississippi, between 1863 and 1865. In that capacity, in 1864, Barnard traveled to Chattanooga to document and commemorate that place and the military works in the vicinity.

Barnard may have taken this photograph during that initial trip, but it is more likely from his subsequent trip in 1866 as he prepared to publish his portfolio Photographic Views of Sherman’s Campaign, which illustrated the aftermath of the war. This portfolio was part of a wave of remembrance immediately after the war, following the examples of Brevet Major George Ward Nichols’s The Story of the Great March and Alexander Gardner’s Photographic Sketchbook of the War.

MD, 2011

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