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Maker(s):Rockingham Ware (probably)
Date Made:1840-1860
Type:Toilet Article; Container; Medical
Materials:ceramic: lead-glazed red earthenware (redware)
Place Made:United States; Vermont; Bennington (probably)
Measurements:overall: 4 3/8 in x 7 3/4 in x 6 in; 11.1125 cm x 19.685 cm x 15.24 cm
Accession Number:  HD 87.054
Credit Line:Gift of Mr. & Mrs. Richard B. Coombs
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Redware spittoon or cuspidor or spit pot covered with a mottled dark brown and yellow flint glaze. This type of ceramic is popularly called Bennington Rockingham Ware, but in absence of a mark, this piece cannot firmly be attributed to any one factory. Small spittoons or spitting pots were produced for individual use in many ceramic materials from the end of the 17th through the 19th centuries; spitting was a wide spread practice until the realization of the health hazards of spitting and the rise of medical bacteriology and preventive medicine. The narrow, circular foot ring supports a broad, squat pear-shaped body. The sides of the body are divided into 16 shallow concave flutes. A narrow circular rim slopes steeply inward to a central circular opening approximately 1 1/2in. in diameter. There is an opening, 1 1/2in. in diameter and framed by stylized branches, on the side of the body for emptying the contents.

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