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Culture:German or Bohemian
Title:tumbler
Date Made:1780-1820
Type:Food Service
Materials:non-lead glass
Place Made:Germany or Bohemia
Measurements:overall: 3 1/8 x 2 3/4 in.; 6.985 cm
Accession Number:  HD 71.119
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield
1971-119t.jpg

Description:
Blown, colorless glass tumbler with tapered sides, ground pontil mark, and wheel-engraved with a wavy-line over alternating floral sprays and latticed ovals. Much of this style of glass had been attributed to Henry William Stiegel's glassworks; however, America primarily relied on imported glass in the 17th and 18th centuries, and after the Revolution, German and Bohemian glass factories quickly found a large market here. Glassmakers in Bohemia and the German states used a lightweight, non-lead glass for their products, which was cheaper than similar English and Irish wares, despite higher transportation costs. Many were shipped through Hamburg, and thus were described as German. Tumblers and beakers begin to appear in Connecticut Valley estate inventories after the Revolution (usually two or more listed), many decorated with crudely engraved floral designs. These items were imported from New York and Boston by Connecticut Valley merchants beginning about 1770.

Link to share this object record:
https://museums.fivecolleges.edu/detail.php?t=objects&type=ext&id_number=HD+71.119

Research on objects in the collections, including provenance, is ongoing and may be incomplete. If you have additional information or would like to learn more about a particular object, please email fc-museums-web@fivecolleges.edu.

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