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Maker(s):Spencer family workshop (attributed)
Culture:American
Title:side chair
Date Made:ca. 1740
Type:Furniture
Materials:wood, paint, rush
Place Made:United States; Connecticut; Hartford
Measurements:overall: 44 3/8 in x 18 1/2 in x 17 1/8 in; 112.7125 cm x 46.99 cm x 43.4975 cm
Accession Number:  HD 3068
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield
3068t.jpg

Description:
Bannister-back side chair, painted black, attributed to the Spencer family workhop of Hartford, Connecticut. This chair was made in the shop tradition of Obadiah Spencer, Jr. (1666-1741) in Hartford, Connecticut, whose grandfathers were Thomas Spencer (1607-1687), Hartford's leading turner during the seventeenth century, and Nicholas Disbrowe (1612-1683), the principal leading joiner. This chair provides a link to the later banister back chairs made in Deerfield by Zadock King (1725-1769) and his successors. Zadock King, Obadiah Spencer's grand nephew, probably learned his trade from his older brother, Parmenas King (1713-1800), who trained under Obediah and was an important joiner who worked in various Valley towns including Deerfield on the Elijah Williams house. Amelia Miller has documented Parmesas as a probable maker of elaborate Georgian doorways in the Connecticut Valley. Zadock King worked in the Deerfield area and died in Deerfield in 1769; his estate listed both joiner's and turner's tools. The chair has a solid arched crest rail; four turned banisters with the round side facing forward; flattened arch-shaped bottom rail; ball finials over similarly turned back stiles; trapezoidal rush seat; block-and-vase turned front posts ending in small modified Spanish feet; high front stretcher with vase-and-ring turnings in the center and three similarly-turned side and back stretchers; and plain back legs that are slightly flared near the floor.

Link to share this object record:
https://museums.fivecolleges.edu/detail.php?t=objects&type=ext&id_number=HD+3068

Research on objects in the collections, including provenance, is ongoing and may be incomplete. If you have additional information or would like to learn more about a particular object, please email fc-museums-web@fivecolleges.edu.

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