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Maker(s):Wedgwood, Josiah & Sons (attributed to)
Culture:English (1759-2005)
Date Made:1770-1775
Type:Food Service
Materials:ceramic: lead-glazed, cream-colored earthenware (creamware), overglaze red enamel; transfer print
Place Made:Great Britain; Great Britain: England; Staffordshire; Etruria
Accession Number:  HD 2015.36.16
Credit Line:Anonymous bequest
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Circular press molded plate with molded rim in the Queen's rim pattern, composed of cream-colored earthenware or creamware body, transfer printed in overglaze red enamel in the Liverpool Birds pattern, each reserve on the plate rim has a scene of paired exotic birds on the ground among foliage, the central motif in the well of the plate shows two large peacocks side by side with two birds in the distance ascending and descending, there is a mark on the reverse but it does not correspond to a maker's mark, on reverse of plate is an old paper label which reads, "Queen's ware/Liverpool/birds/ lotus rim/(shape)/ E.E.M." Condition: the plate shows wear to the transfer printing from knife marks and scratches, there are some small areas of staining where there have been very minor chips to the glaze. Shows wear on well and to printed decoration from use. Attributed to the Wedgwood Factory based on the transfer print of the Liverpool Birds pattern which was used by Sadler and Green in Liverpool. Sadler and Green were the exclusive on-glaze printers to Josiah Wedgwood. While this plate is unmarked, Josiah Wedgwood (1730-1795) employed this popular print on numerous examples of his creamware. John Sadler and Guy Green of Liverpool reproduced this print for Wedgwood as early as 1761 in various adaptations, copying similar designs from porcelain factories such as Sèvres, Worcester, and Meissen. Guy Green agreed that he would print exclusively on Josiah Wedgwood's creamware so while it is possible that the plate represents the work of Wedgwood and Green, it may also be a rival's manufacture. According to Wedgwood scholar Robin Reilly, patterns of this type were transfer printed on creamware by Sadler & Green for Wedgwood. "'Birds' are first noted as being drawn for engraving in August 1763 and were in production in black or red by the following year. Renamed 'Liverpool Birds', these and similar engravings have been regularly in production...for more than 200 years."

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