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Maker(s):Carpenter, Frederick (attributed to)
Culture:American (1771-1827)
Date Made:1793-1796
Type:Food Service
Materials:ceramic: salt-glazed stoneware; Albany slip
Place Made:United States; Massachusetts; Suffolk county: Boston
Accession Number:  HD 2014.4.204
Credit Line:William T. Brandon Collection of American Redware and Ceramics
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Small ovoid-shaped bottle with narrow circular base, swelled sides, and narrow neck and spout, an incised line circles the shoulder of the vessel, lip of bottle has incised ring, applied strap handle, decorated by dipping jug in dark iron rich slip for the top half and bottom half, leaving a stripe of light brown undecorated stoneware in between. Salt-glazed stoneware. Painted in red on the underside of the object, "48" Originally a part of the Burton N. Gates Collection. Original notecard for this object does not survive. Small chip out of side of pot, and some bubbling of the glaze. According to dealer and stoneware expert Lorraine German, she attributes this jug to work of Frederick Carpenter in Boston, MA, in the late 18th century - early 19th century. The elongated neck is an 18th-century characteristic. Information from Colonial Williamsburg: Many Massachusetts potters, including William Seaver in Taunton and Jonathan Fenton and Frederick Carpenter in Boston were active in the stoneware industry after the Revolution. Prior to that there is scant evidence of stoneware production in New England until Fenton and Carpenter opened their manufactory in 1793. The duo worked within a well-established model: Fenton produced stoneware in the Germanic style and Carpenter in the English fashion. Fenton and Carpenter advertised that they had “STONE WARE, of all kinds that is usually made, consisting principally of Jugs, of different sizes, Butter and Pickle Pots, Mugs, Pitchers, and Gallipots.” In 1793, the year the pottery was established, James Leach advertised that he had “Boston manufactured Stone Ware, wholesale and retail” for sale at his grocery store. It must have been the product of Fenton and Carpenter. Although they were more successful than previous New England potters, it was still necessary for Fenton and Carpenter to import stoneware clay from the Raritan clay deposit in New Jersey. This expense was offset because the increased duties levied on imports made producing stoneware in America a much more economically viable undertaking. Fenton and Carpenter’s pieces created between 1793 and 1796 were often marked “BOSTON” in uppercase letters of equal size. The pottery closed in 1796, although both men continued to make stoneware independently.

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