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Maker(s):Preble, Harriet (attributed)
Title:print: Vue prise du Chateau de Draveil
Date Made:ca. 1821
Materials:paper; ink
Place Made:France; Paris
Measurements:overall: 8 1/4 in x 10 1/2 in; 20.955 cm x 26.67 cm
Accession Number:  HD 2008.10.4
Credit Line:Gift in Memory of Theodore Woolsey Dwight
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Lithograph done by Francois de Villain based on a sketch by Harriet Preble (1795-1854), which is titled "Vue prise du Chateau de Draveil" and inscribed "Lith de Villain." The Chateau is in the background in front of a long grassy lawn sweeping down to where one woman is sitting on a bench, two women are standing and talking, and a young boy playing with his stick pony (?) on a path in the left foreground, all framed by tall trees on both sides. This print descended in the family of Timothy Dwight V (1778-1844), son Timothy Dwight IV (1752-1817), the eighth president of Yale College (1795-1817). Timothy Dwight V lived in New Haven, Connecticut, where he became a wealthy hardware merchant. In 1809, he married Clarissa Strong (1783-1855), the daughter of Massachusetts governor Caleb Strong (1745-1819), uniting two prominent New England families. Timothy V and Clarissa's son, Timothy Dwight VI (1811-1895) married Lucy Starr Olmstead (1816-1876), the daughter of Zalmon Olmstead (1783-1853) and Rebecca Barlow (1788-1861) of Moreau, NY, in 1842, and was a merchant in New Haven; a manufacturer of tool and coach lace in Seymour, Connecticut and cars in Chicago; spent many years in Beloit, Wisconsin; and a manufacturer of paper bags in Chicago, Illinois, where he and his family moved in 1870. Timothy Dwight VI was the donor's great-grandfather. Harriet Preble (1795-1854) was the daughter of Henry Preble (1770-1825), an American who became a merchant in Paris and an English mother, Frances Wright (1773-1845). Both Harriet, who was born in England, and her sister, Frances Anica (1797-1875) who was born in Paris, grew up in post-Revolutionary France where their friends included Lafayette and members of Napoleon's family, and were educated at the school of Madame Jeanne-Louise-Henriette Campan (1752-1822) in St. Germain, where they studied literature, languages, history and the arts and formed friendships with girls who later would marry into the royal families of Europe. They spent the summers at Chateau de Draveil (about 12 miles south of Paris) bought by the American Daniel Parker in 1803, who was her father's friend. Parker, who supported the American Revolution as a supplier and financier, entertained some of the most accomplished men of the day including Lafayette. One of those visitors was Connecticut-born lawyer Thomas Barlow (1793-1859), Rebecca Barlow's brother, who married his cousin Anica at Draveil in 1817. Their first daughter was born a year later at Kalorama, his uncle Joel Barlow's estate in Washington, D.C. By 1820, Thomas and Anica were living in Allegheny City where they hosted a luncheon for Lafayette on his farewell tour of America in 1825. After her younger brother's death of tuberculosis, Harriet and her mother moved to America, joining the Barlows in the spring 1830. In 1832, Harriet rented a cottage, which she called Sans Souci, on 10 acres next to the Barlow's where she opened her boarding school with nine boarding students, ages 12 to 14. George Preble describes her as "an admirable sketcher in crayon and India ink, and she could give copies by herself in lithograph." Poor health forced her to close the school in 1836 and retire to Washington, Pennsylvania, but returned to the Barlows in 1838. In the 1840s, the Barlows lived in Washington to educate their sons at Washington College. Harriet remained in Allegheny City, but in 1850 the entire family moved back to Manchester to be close to the Barlows' son Frank, who intended to practice medicine there. Anica had her own school for girls In Manchester, where Mary Cassatt's mother was one of her students. Harriet Preble published translations into French prose of Bulwer's poem "The Rebel" with an historical introduction (Paris, 1827), James Fenimore Cooper's "Notions of the Americans" (4 vols., 1828), and left several works in manuscript.

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