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Maker(s):Warburton, Isaac (attributed, or); Warburton, John (attributed)
Title:hot-water dish
Date Made:1780-1800
Type:Food Service
Materials:ceramic: lead-glazed cream-colored earthenware (creamware)
Place Made:United Kingdom; England; Newcastle upon Tyne (attributed)
Measurements:overall: 2 3/16 in x 16 1/2 in x 12 1/2 in; 5.55625 cm x 41.91 cm x 31.75 cm
Accession Number:  HD 2006.33.87
Credit Line:Museum purchase with funds provided by Ray J. and Anne K. Groves
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

English creamware oval hot-water dish with an impressed "IW" on the underside, attributed to John or Isaac Warburton, which was used to keep the food warm after being placed on the table. In 1760 or shortly afterwards, John Warburton (1732-1794) took over the lease of the Carr Hill Pottery, located south of Newcastle on Heworth Common near Gateshead Turnpike Bar. It has been said that John Warburton was the first to produce whiteware in north east England, although there is no firm evidence for this. After acquiring premises in the redeveloped Quayside area of Newcastle, Warburton expanded his business to include trading in addition to manufacturing; he began exporting earthenware from Quayside about 1768, with large quantities of his range of domestic tea and dinner wares, chamber pots, hand basins, etc., being shipped to Northern Europe and beyond. In 1792, Isaac Warburton (1771-1809), an earthenware manufacturer in Burslem, Staffordshire, and brother of Jacob Warburton (1741-1826) of New Hall fame, married John's daughter, Margaret Ann; Isaac took over Carr Hill Pottery when his father-in-law died in 1794. After Isaac's death in 1809, Margaret Ann and two other executors continued operating the pottery before offering the lease for sale in 1811, 1812, 1814 and 1815. The top surface of the dish is decorated with an openwork pattern forming four quadrants in the well; has a molded scalloped rim with a band of small raised dots alternating with small diamond shapes around the edge, which is known as a "diamond-beaded" border which has also been found on wares from Staffordshire, the Swinton Pottery in south Yorkshire and Melbourne in Derbyshire; and a draining spout for water on one side of the deep, hollow water reservoir. This form is listed as "Oval Water Dish for Dishes of all Sizes" in both the Leeds (#98) and Don (#82) Pottery Pattern Books.

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