English hybrid hard-paste porcelain U-shaped teacup with a gilt-edged rim and applied foot (with saucer, HD 2006.26.3), decorated on the inside and outside in dark and light blues with a transfer-printed, Chinese-inspired design often referred to by collectors as the "Malay House", "Malayan Village", "Pearl River House", or "Trench Mortar" pattern. Dr. Watney compared the drainpipe forms in the design to trench mortar weapons, from which the pattern name "Trench Mortar" was taken. Robert Copeland (in "English Ceramic Circle Transactions", vol. 10, part 2, 1977, p. 100) has recommended that the design be named "Malayan Village" based on the close resemblance to a scene in "Picturesque Voyage to India; by way of China" by the English artists Thomas Daniell (1749-1840) and his nephew William Daniell (1769-1837) who traveled to India in the late 18th century and twice visited Canton, once on the journey out in 1785, and once on the return voyage in 1794. Upon their return to England, William exhibited a series of paintings based on their trip to the East at the Royal Academy in London, and together they published various illustrated books, including "A Picturesque Voyage..." which was published by Longmans in London in 1810. This teacup and saucer have been attributed to the New Hall Factory, but this blue printed design is also found on English earthenwares such as Spode's pearlware pieces; printed on one other non-New Hall English make of procelain; and hand painted on Chinese export hard-paste procelain. The interior rim has a Chinese-style "Fitzhugh" border and a band of gilding; the exterior has a Chinese-style landscape with an tall, thatched-roofed house on an island with a row of bamboo posts along the side of the house forming a limited barricade or sun-shade type fence or drainpipes, small stone arched bridge, the water washed in by hand in a pale blue, trees, rocks, and hills in the background. The set was found by the donor at a yard sale at Baird's Tavern in Tyringham (near Otis and Becket), Massachusetts.
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