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Maker(s):Memento Mori Carver (attributed)
Culture:American (w. 1756-1760)
Title:powder horn: John Rockwell
Date Made:August 5, 1760
Type:Armament
Materials:horn, wood, vermillion pigment
Place Made:United States; New York; Oswego
Measurements:overall: 3 3/4 in x 12 5/8 in; 9.525 cm x 32.0675 cm
Accession Number:  HD 2005.20.20
Credit Line:Historic Deerfield, The William H. Guthman Collection of American Engraved Powder Horns
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield
2005-20-20-s2T.jpg

Description:
Powder horn inscribed: “JOHN ROCKWELL / Oswego Augt 5th 1760 / GARDEN / SEE WE FOOLS.” The Rockwell horn is attributed to the Memento Mori carver, who occasionally used script and signed his work with that phrase, which translated from the Latin means, “Reminder of Death.” He worked between 1756 and 1760 around Lakes George and Champlain, and at Fort Oswego on Lake Ontario where this horn was carved. His horns include a border around the plug that consists of a series of dotted or crosshatched lunettes or triangles. The cartouches surrounding the names and dates have a similar border. His depictions of maps and buildings are detailed, like the tents and garden here at Fort Oswego. Some horns have a head in profile with a pipe, or in this case, the Devil, uttering phrases like “Fools such as we,” a timeless comment on the soldier’s lot in life—and death. John Rockwell served from 1757 through 1762 in regiments from Connecticut.

Link to share this object record:
https://museums.fivecolleges.edu/detail.php?t=objects&type=ext&id_number=HD+2005.20.20

Research on objects in the collections, including provenance, is ongoing and may be incomplete. If you have additional information or would like to learn more about a particular object, please email fc-museums-web@fivecolleges.edu.

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