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Maker(s):Enoch Wood and Sons (attributed to)
Culture:English (1818-1846)
Date Made:1830-1835
Type:Food Service
Materials:ceramic: lead glazed red earthenware, copper luster decoration (lusterware), transfer print, overglaze red, yellow, and polychrome enamels
Place Made:United Kingdom; England; Staffordshire; Burslem
Measurements:overall: 8 1/4 x 4 5/8 in.; 20.955 x 11.7475 cm
Accession Number:  HD 1999.24.3
Credit Line:Gift of Mrs. Harold G. Duckworth

English lusterware jug attributed to Enoch Wood and Sons (1818-1846). These types of jugs were used to carry beverages such as water, cider, and ale to the table. The jug is decorated with red transfer prints of a mother and daughter playing shuttlecock and a smaller circular scene under the spout of a mother and daughter at a desk, both of which are painted with in green, yellow, pink, and blue on a white background. Mother and child subjects depicted on ceramics are often associated with the designer and artist, Adam Buck (1759-1833); these romantic and endearing scenes achieved great popularity in the early nineteenth century. Its copper lustre decoration is created by applying gold salts to the red earthenware body, where in the heat of the kiln the metal is deposited as a thin layer on the surface. The cylindrical jug has an incurving collar, flared pouring lip, attached 7-shaped handle, tapering body, and white slip interior.Enoch Wood was also an enthusiastic antiquarian, who built up a large collection of early Staffordshire wares, parts of which are now in the Victoria & Albert Museum and other British museums. Enoch’s father was Aaron Wood, a gifted modeller who provided many Staffordshire manufacturers with models and moulds for their wares. Enoch similarly trained as a modeller and was apprenticed to the Hanley manufacturer Humphrey Palmer. In 1783, he commenced in business on his own account as an earthenware manufacturer at the Overhouse Works in Burslem, which he operated successfully for some seven years. In the early 1790s, being ambitious and wishing to expand, he entered into partnership with James Caldwell, a local lawyer, who had relatives and clients willing to advance money for the building of a new factory. The factory, at Fountain Place Burslem, was extensive and is said to have incorporated the sites of five earlier factories. It produced a wide range of earthenwares. The partnership also had mining interests, acquiring the Bycars Colliery in Burslem to provide fuel for firing the ovens. Wood’s partnership with Caldwell was dissolved in 1818, enabling Enoch to bring his sons into partnership. The ending of the Anglo- American War in 1815 saw a substantial increase in earthenware exports to the United States, particularly by the larger manufacturers, who tended to employ their own agents in America to market their wares. Blue printed earthenware formed a substantial part of this increased trade and many examples of Wood’s wares can be found today. Enoch died in 1840. His confidential clerk, named Kemp, who is thought to have played an important part in running the business, died soon after, in 1841. 1842 was a time of depression in America: this combination of circumstances, probably coupled with a desire by some of the sons to take money out of the business, led to its decline and eventual closure in 1845. The factory premises were sub-divided and subsequently operated by several other firms.

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