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Culture:German or Bohemian
Date Made:1780-1820
Type:Food Service
Materials:non-lead glass
Place Made:Germany or Bohemia
Accession Number:  HD 1596
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Blown, plain colorless glass tumbler with a cover that has bubbles in the knop. (The lid or cover to this tumbler was considered suspect by glass scholar Ken Wilson in April 1979.) Much of this style of glass had been attributed to Henry William Stiegel's glassworks; however, America primarily relied on imported glass in the 17th and 18th centuries, and after the Revolution, German and Bohemian glass factories quickly found a large market here. Glassmakers in Bohemia and the German states used a lightweight, non-lead glass for their products, which was cheaper than similar English and Irish wares, despite higher transportation costs. Many were shipped through Hamburg, and thus were described as German. Tumblers and beakers begin to appear in Connecticut Valley estate inventories after the Revolution (usually two or more listed), many decorated with crudely engraved floral designs. These items were imported from New York and Boston by Connecticut Valley merchants beginning about 1770.

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