Congress established Yellowstone National Park in 1872 after geologists such as Ferdinand Hayden and artists like Thomas Moran brought the scenic wonders of the region to the attention of the American public through various illustrated popular magazines. Moran, who studied first in Philadelphia and then in England, accompanied Hayden on his 1871 trip sponsored by the U.S. government. His paintings and watercolors appealed to the public, and in 1876 Louis Prang published a selection of his watercolors with text, describing the images by Hayden as The Yellowstone Park, and the Mountain Regions of Portions of Idaho, Nevada, Colorado and Utah. The deluxe portfolio sold for sixty dollars. Prang specialized in the production of chromolithographs, a process involving up to thirty stones to create prints that replicate the original watercolors almost perfectly. Previous images of Yellowstone had been in black and white; the chromolithographs stunned the public and the press.
Georgia Barnhill, 2014
water; sky; clouds; parks; nature; landscapes; mountains; waterfalls; rocks
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