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[AC] Mead Art Museum at Amherst College; [HC] Hampshire College Art Gallery;
[HD] Historic Deerfield; [MH] Mount Holyoke College Art Museum; [MH SK] The Joseph Allen Skinner Museum at Mount Holyoke College; [SC] Smith College Museum of Art; [UM] University Museum of Contemporary Art at UMASS Amherst


Title:Tapestry-woven Panel with Grouse
Date Made:ca. 5th century CE
Type:Wall Hanging
Place Made:Africa; Egypt
Measurements:mount: 29 9/16 in x 21 1/8 in; 75.1 cm x 53.7 cm; sheet: 7 7/16 in x 8 in; 18.9 cm x 20.3 cm
Accession Number:  AC T.1940.4
Credit Line:Gift of Mrs. George D. Pratt (Vera Hale)

Label Text:
The term "Copt" originally referred to the native Egyptians, as opposed to the Greek or Arab invaders. And later "Copt" became a religious designation referring to Christian Egyptians. Textiles known as "Coptic" are from the Christian cemetaries in Egypt and date from the 3rd century C.E. onwards. The textile on exhibit contains a beautiful color purple. While the dye may be from plant extracts, it is more likely "Tyrian Purple" or Royal Purple. This dye was produced from the mucus of the hypobranchial gland of various species of marine mollusks, notably Murex. It took roughly 12,000 shellfish to extract 1.5 grams of pure dye.

textile fabrics; African; animals; flowers; patterns; purple

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