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Maker(s):Fink, Frederick
Culture:American (1817-1849)
Title:portrait: James Munson Barnard
Date Made:dated 1843
Materials:oil, canvas, gesso, wood, gilding
Place Made:United States
Measurements:framed: 40 in x 35 in x 4 3/4 in; 101.6 cm x 88.9 cm x 12.065 cm
Accession Number:  HD 87.086
Credit Line:Gift of Mr. and Mrs. John A. Hedrick
Museum Collection:  Historic Deerfield

Framed portrait of James Munson Barnard (1819-1904) by Frederick Fink (1817-1849), which is inscribed "By Fink 1843" in black paint on the back, and stamped "PREPARED BY / ROBERSON & COMPY / 51 L??? LONDON ???" in stencil on the back. Fink originally studied medicine in Albany and then became a merchant, but moved to NYC to study with Samuel F. B. Morse (1791-1872) from 1835-1836; he later studied in Europe before returning to Albany, NY, where he worked as a portrait, miniature and figure painter. He is known for his genre pictures, the most notable of which are "The Artist's Studio," "The Shipwrecked Mariner," and "The Negro Wood Sawyer." James Munson Barnard was the youngest son of Charles Barnard (1781-1869) and his first wife, Sarah [MIddleton] Bent Barnard (b.c.1786- d. after 1821) who married in 1805/6 and lived in Boston and Milton, Mass. Charles Barnard, the son of Samuel Barnard (1746-1819) and Abigail Upham Barnard (1745/46-1826) of Deerfield, moved his family from the Manse on Main Street, Deerfield, to Montgomery, Vermont, in 1795 after financial difficulties. After moving to Boston, Charles Barnard became a very successful commission merchant in the South American trade in partnership with Israel Munson (1767-1844). Barnard's family belonged to The Manifesto Church in Brattle Square; their house in Milton, Mass., which was similar in architecture to the Manse in Deerfield, is now known as the Upton House of Milton Academy. After the death of his first wife, Charles married Eleanor Walker of Boston in 1839. James Munson Barnard went to Europe for several years after completing Boston Latin School rather than attending college. He was later called a philanthropist and scientist, known for his work with his oldest brother, the Rev. Charles Francis Barnard (1808-1884), at the Warren Street Chapel for Boys; his studies in mental diseases; and active part in the establishment of the Social Science Association in 1862 and Museum of Fine Arts in Boston in 1876. The donor John Hedrick, who donated other Barnard family pieces in the HD collection, is a descendent of Charles Barnard through Charles and Sarah's daughter, Anne Middleton Barnard (1821-1878) who married William Augusta Davis (1819-1898) of Winchester, Virginia. Ann and William's daughter, Susan Lyman Davis (1844-1927), married Daniel Burr Conrad (1831-1898) in 1871, and their daughter Eleanor Barnard Conrad (1883-1950) married Adam Clarke Carson (1869-1941). Eleanor and Adam's daughter Susan Davis Carson (1909-1987) married John Sherman Hedrick (1902-1955); their son is the donor, John Adam Hedrick (b.1934).


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