Oil portrait of King George III (reigned 1760-1820) of England in profile, one of a pair of small oil on wood paintings with his concort, Queen Charlotte (see HD 58.240A), done in oil on wood in what are probably the original frames. This example appears to be based on an oil portrait of George III by Allan Ramsey (1713-1784), a Scottish portrait-painter, in 1762, which was later issued as a print. George (1738-1820) married Charlotte of Mecklinburg-Strelitz (1744-1818) in 1761, and they has fifteen children: nine sons and six daughters. George was afflicted with porphyria, a maddening disease which disrupted his reign as early as 1765. Several attacks strained his grip on reality and debilitated him in the last years of his reign. Personal rule was given to his son George, the Prince Regent, in 1811. George III died blind, deaf and mad at Windsor Castle on January 29, 1820. England thrived under peacetime conditions after the Peace of Paris (1763) which ended the Seven Years' War with France, but George's commitment to taxing the American colonies to pay for military protection led to hostilities in 1775. The colonists proclaimed independence in 1776, but George obstinately continued the war until the final American victory at Yorktown in 1781. The Peace of Versailles, signed in 1783, ensured British acknowledgment of the United States of America.
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