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Maker(s):Monogrammist Z.B.M.; Ligorio, Pirro, after
Culture:Italian (active 1557); Italian (1500-1583)
Title:Pandora opening the box / Allegory of Enlightenment
Date Made:1557
Materials:Etching and engraving; black ink on paper
Place Made:Europe; Italy
Measurements:Mat: 20 in x 16 in; 50.8 cm x 40.6 cm; Sheet: 14 13/16 in x 9 1/2 in; 37.6 cm x 24.1 cm; Image: 14 3/8 in x 9 1/4 in; 36.5 cm x 23.5 cm
Narrative Inscription:  INSCRIPTION: recto, lwr. l. (etched, within image): Z.B.M / 1557 ; recto, lwr. r. (etched, within image): D.B.
Accession Number:  MH 2010.13.3
Credit Line:Purchase with the John Martyn Warbeke Art Fund
Museum Collection:  Mount Holyoke College Art Museum

Female figure in center facing left has proper right hand on the raised lid of an ornate box and proper left hand on face with tips of index and middle finger beneath each eye. In box are books, serpants and a bat, all escaping. Another female figure on left edge behind box holds a burning stick to an instrument. To the right of the woman in the center is a horned figure with back turned and fleeing to right with arms above head. Above their heads a figure floats among stars and to the left is a section of the zodiac with a figure sitting in an ornate chair on right edge.

Pandora; enlightenment; allegory; demon;


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