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Maker(s):Gabo, Naum; Pevsner, Antoine; Klutsis, Gustav
Culture:American, born in Russia (1890-1977)
Title:Realistic Manifesto (Реалистический Манифест)
Date Made:August 5, 1920
Measurements:Sheet: 23 x 29 1/2 in.; 58.4 x 74.9 cm
Accession Number:  AC 2001.99
Credit Line:Gift of Thomas P. Whitney (Class of 1937)
Museum Collection:  Mead Art Museum at Amherst College

Label Text:
Charles Sirató cited his visit with Gabo in Paris as a critical source of inspiration for the Dimensionist Manifesto. By the 1930s, Gabo was among the first artists to create kinetic sculpture with his Standing Wave (ca. 1919–20). Gabo and his brother Antoine Pevsner authored the Realistic Manifesto in 1920, which called for art produced with an awareness of space-time as the fourth dimension, a response to Einstein’s theory of special relativity. It states:

We proclaim: For us, space and time are born today. Space and time: the only forms where life is built, the only forms, therefore, where art should be erected. . . . The fulfillment of our perception of the world under the aspects of space and time: that is the only goal of our plastic creation.

VM, 2018

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