Mummiform figure of pinkish beige terracotta. Columnar body, with sligh swelling for forearms, belly, and calves. Face ill-defined. Flat back. Coating of red-brown slip on body; long wig painted with black slip. Back of wig sloppily painted, with pendant stroke on left.
Ancient Egyptians were obliged to perform certain tasks for the state, including agricultural labor. Small mummy-shaped figurines called “shabtis” were introduced to perform this work in the afterlife and often carried hoes or seed-baskets. Initially, the deceased was given only one shabti, but the number increased dramatically over time. From the 18th Dynasty on, shabtis sometimes appeared dressed as living people rather than as mummies. These statuettes could be made of earthenware, Egyptian faience, stone, or other materials.
ancient; archaeology; tombs; deaths; afterlife; religion; rituals; ceremonies; sculpture; agriculture
Link to share this object record: