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Culture:Indian, Rajasthan
Title:Relief of Seated Female Deity, fragment of temple facade
Date Made:11th-12th century CE
Materials:Red sandstone
Measurements:Overall: 21 1/8 in x 13 1/8 in x 5 5/8 in; 53.7 cm x 33.3 cm x 14.3 cm
Accession Number:  AC 1965.8
Credit Line:Gift of Peter Marks (Class of 1956)
Museum Collection:  Mead Art Museum at Amherst College

AD))): The Indian red sandstone sculpture depicts Vishnu, the preserver and protector of the universe in Hinduism. Vishnu sits in a cross-leg position on a throne with his left leg horizontal and right leg diagonally touching the ground. The deity holds a circular discus in his left hand. In his right hand is a mace, with a three-layer spherical head mounted on a shaft. Vishnu’s two other hands are positioned naturally to his sides with palms open, facing forward. This hand gesture is known as the Varada Mudra which symbolizes welcome, giving, and compassion. The deity has his head slightly tilted to the left and looks straight ahead. He wears an elaborate conical crown and various types of jewelry and bands all over his torso. (Yanlin Zhou '26)

architecture; deities; female; religion

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