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Maker(s):Maratti, Carlo
Culture:Italian (1625 - 1713)
Title:Religion Adored by the Four Parts of the World
Date Made:late 1670's - early 1680's
Materials:pen and brown ink with brush and brown wash, over black and red chalks, heightened with lead (?) white, on cream laid paper toned brown
Place Made:Italy
Measurements:sheet: 10 3/4 x 7 13/16 in.; 27.305 x 19.8438 cm
Narrative Inscription:  unsigned, undated
Accession Number:  SC 1959.199
Credit Line:Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Wiesenberger
Museum Collection:  Smith College Museum of Art

female figure holding cross sitting on a cloud with figures representing the four continents below her, lion's head in center

Label Text:
Label text for ARH 240 French and Italian Drawings Renaissance through Romanticism, written by Ellen Monroe, class of 2015:

Maratti’s skillful drawing depicts a complex scene. The allegorical figure representing Religion sits at the top and the women that personify America, Africa, Asia, and Europe sit beneath her. America stands in the back, clutching a bow and adorned with exotic feathers. Africa sits with her arm around a lion and her lack of adornment represents the supposed poverty of that continent. Asia holds a burning pot of incense at lower right, while Europe, dressed opulently on the left, has symbols of her region’s perceived supremacy and fertility beneath her. The temple in her hands demonstrates her piety and devotion.

allegory; religion; Christianity; costume; multiculturalism

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