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[AC] Mead Art Museum at Amherst College; [HC] Hampshire College Art Gallery;
[HD] Historic Deerfield; [MH] Mount Holyoke College Art Museum; [MH SK] The Joseph Allen Skinner Museum at Mount Holyoke College; [SC] Smith College Museum of Art; [UM] University Museum of Contemporary Art at UMASS Amherst


Maker(s):Heade, Martin Johnson
Culture:American (1819 - 1904)
Title:New Jersey Meadows
Date Made:ca. 1871 - 1875
Materials:oil on canvas
Place Made:United States
Measurements:stretcher: 15 1/8 x 30 1/8 in.; 38.4175 x 76.5175 cm
Narrative Inscription:  undated, signed in black paint at lower left: M. J. Heade
Accession Number:  SC 1951:298
Credit Line:Purchased
1951_298 no frame.jpg

flat field with small stand of trees at mid-right edge, cloudy sky moving left to right from light white clouds to darker rain clouds, large haystacks scattered through field with two cows in the center, brown one seated, white one standing and grazing; landscape; outdoor; vegetation

Label Text:
One of the most prolific 19th century American landscapists, Heade traveled widely and sold hundreds of paintings, though he was seldom mentioned in contemporary reviews. While living in New York City, he maintained a friendship with only one other artist, Frederick Edwin Church, whose grand, dramatic landscapes form a sharp contrast to the small, more intimate views favored by Heade.

Heade's images of marshlands such as "New Jersey Meadows" defied conventional theories on the picturesque and the sublime that dominated the art world of his contemporaries. The main feature of this environment, bound by inland hills and the nearby ocean, with canals meandering in the distance, are the haystacks, whose proportions are placed in perspective by the cattle that graze among them. Much of the visual interest of this otherwise placid scene is provided by the sky, which dominates the canvas.

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